Motorcycle Helmet Standards and Its Importance | ebike.pk

Motorcycle Helmet Standards and Its Importance

Motorcycle Helmet Standards and Its Importance   By Akhtar Kalim - on 26/04/2020

The primary objective of Motorcycle Helmet is to protect the motorcycle riders head during accidents. According to research conducted by organizations, a motorcycle rider are at high risk during road accidents and according to them the standard motorcycle helmets reduce the risk of head injury by 69% and death by around 42%.

History of Standard Helmets

The trend of motorcycle helmet started in 1935 with a death of T.E Lawrence over handle bars. He was treated by Sir Hugh Cairns - a Neurosurgeon by profession, who initiated the study “An Effect of Head Trauma during Motorcycle Crash”. Though his efforts helped to create a first Cairn Crash Helmet but the helmet was designed in such a way, which only can protect the rider from penetration injuries.

Later Herman Roth, introduced helmet having energy absorbing liner with an inner layer made of substantially non resilient material, hard outer shell, floating inner system and chin strap. A renowned car race driver Pete Snell was died in accident, wearing the Roth standard helmet. The group of family and friends of Snell established Snell foundation in 1957 with an objective to create effective helmet standard, which can minimize the risk of death in case of head injuries.

Importance Motorcycle Helmet Safety Standards

There are various motorcycle helmet safety standards effective throughout the world. Some of the known motorcycle standards

U.S.A                                    - DOT

Brazil                                    - NBR 7471

Malaysia                              - SIRIM

Singapore                            - PSB

Japan                                    - SG - JIS

India                                     - IS 4151

Thailand                               - TIS

Australia                              -AS 1698-2006

Korea                                   -KS G 7001

New Zealand                     - NZ 5430

DOT:

The word DOT stands for U.S Department of Transportation. The DOT standard adopted federal standard FMVSS 218.

ECE:

ECE stands for Economic Commission for Europe and the standard has been followed in 50 European countries. Any helmet having ECE 22.05 means the helmet is exposed to number of tests, which determine that helmet is offering sufficient protection on European roads.

SNELL:

Snell standards determine by Snell Memorial Foundation. It has the most effective helmet testing.

Standard Motorcycle Helmet Design

Most of the standard approved motorcycle helmets design with the following principles

  • Outer Shell
  • Crushable Layer
  • Padded Comfort Layer
  • Chin Strap

Outer Shell

The outer shell of a helmet is designed with very hard material, so it can protect the rider head from hitting the ground. The material in the outer shell is made of hard plastics, Kevlar, carbon fiber or fiberglass materials. The objective is to protect from the hard ground, tearing a big hole in rider’s head.

Crushable Layer

The thick foam layer is attached with outer shell that fits with it. The material used in this layer is made up of EPS (expanded polystyrene). The material use in this layer is very light and crush the under pressure. Hence it is called crushable layer.

Padded Comfort Layer

As the name clearly suggest that this layer has been designed for comfort and it is attached with cushioned interior, which makes the motorcycle helmet comfortable. The padding layer is design in such a way so it can protect the helmet edges during crash.

Chin Strap

The chin strap of motorcycle helmet is secured the riders chin to keep the helmet on riders head during ride. It is made up of woven material and fastened with 02 D rings.

Life of Standard Motorcycle Helmet

According to Snell Memorial Foundation, the standard approved helmet degradation occurs due to hair oil, body fluids, cosmetics, fuel, paints and other material. The degradation directly affects helmet performance. Hence, it is mandatory for every rider to replace the helmet after 05 years.

The primary objective of Motorcycle Helmet is to protect the motorcycle riders head during accidents. According to research conducted by organizations, a motorcycle rider are at high risk during road accidents and according to them the standard motorcycle helmets reduce the risk of head injury by 69% and death by around 42%.

History of Standard Helmets

The trend of motorcycle helmet started in 1935 with a death of T.E Lawrence over handle bars. He was treated by Sir Hugh Cairns - a Neurosurgeon by profession, who initiated the study “An Effect of Head Trauma during Motorcycle Crash”. Though his efforts helped to create a first Cairn Crash Helmet but the helmet was designed in such a way, which only can protect the rider from penetration injuries.

Later Herman Roth, introduced helmet having energy absorbing liner with an inner layer made of substantially non resilient material, hard outer shell, floating inner system and chin strap. A renowned car race driver Pete Snell was died in accident, wearing the Roth standard helmet. The group of family and friends of Snell established Snell foundation in 1957 with an objective to create effective helmet standard, which can minimize the risk of death in case of head injuries.

Importance Motorcycle Helmet Safety Standards

There are various motorcycle helmet safety standards effective throughout the world. Some of the known motorcycle standards

U.S.A                                    - DOT

Brazil                                    - NBR 7471

Malaysia                              - SIRIM

Singapore                            - PSB

Japan                                    - SG - JIS

India                                     - IS 4151

Thailand                               - TIS

Australia                              -AS 1698-2006

Korea                                   -KS G 7001

New Zealand                     - NZ 5430

DOT:

The word DOT stands for U.S Department of Transportation. The DOT standard adopted federal standard FMVSS 218.

ECE:

ECE stands for Economic Commission for Europe and the standard has been followed in 50 European countries. Any helmet having ECE 22.05 means the helmet is exposed to number of tests, which determine that helmet is offering sufficient protection on European roads.

SNELL:

Snell standards determine by Snell Memorial Foundation. It has the most effective helmet testing.

Standard Motorcycle Helmet Design

Most of the standard approved motorcycle helmets design with the following principles

  • Outer Shell
  • Crushable Layer
  • Padded Comfort Layer
  • Chin Strap

Outer Shell

The outer shell of a helmet is designed with very hard material, so it can protect the rider head from hitting the ground. The material in the outer shell is made of hard plastics, Kevlar, carbon fiber or fiberglass materials. The objective is to protect from the hard ground, tearing a big hole in rider’s head.

Crushable Layer

The thick foam layer is attached with outer shell that fits with it. The material used in this layer is made up of EPS (expanded polystyrene). The material use in this layer is very light and crush the under pressure. Hence it is called crushable layer.

Padded Comfort Layer

As the name clearly suggest that this layer has been designed for comfort and it is attached with cushioned interior, which makes the motorcycle helmet comfortable. The padding layer is design in such a way so it can protect the helmet edges during crash.

Chin Strap

The chin strap of motorcycle helmet is secured the riders chin to keep the helmet on riders head during ride. It is made up of woven material and fastened with 02 D rings.

Life of Standard Motorcycle Helmet

According to Snell Memorial Foundation, the standard approved helmet degradation occurs due to hair oil, body fluids, cosmetics, fuel, paints and other material. The degradation directly affects helmet performance. Hence, it is mandatory for every rider to replace the helmet after 05 years.